How to Conceal Electrical Wires with Crown Molding

This Old House master electrician Scott Caron uses crown molding to conceal wiring and bring more electrical outlets to a bedroom.

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Why Dishwasher Soap Matters

Steps:
• To test how much suds and foam form with dish liquid, put a few squirts into a cup and fill it with water. The top of the glass should form a substantial foamy head, similar to a beer.
• Put a few squirts of dishwasher detergent gel into a second glass and fill it with water. This demonstrates how the gel forms far less foam and suds than the dish liquid. The dishwasher detergent gel is meant to go in the dishwasher, not the dish liquid
• To see what happens when the wrong soap is put in the dishwasher, fill the soap dispenser with the dish liquid.
• When the soap dispenser door is released during the wash cycle, foam and suds begin to encompass the basin.
• Soap clogs the wash arm in the center of the dishwasher basin.
• Suds begin to drip out the sides of the dishwasher and onto the floor.
• If this mistake ever happens, clean out the entire dishwasher with a wet/dry vacuum cleaner before running another cycle. Otherwise, the same thing could happen because the soap is so concentrated and will remain in the dishwasher.

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How to Safely Treat Water with Lead

Watch this video and learn how to safely treat water with lead

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How to Replace a Shower Pan

Shopping List for How to Replace a Shower Pan:
– acrylic shower pan
– galvanized screws, for attaching shower pan to studs
– PVC drain pipe and assorted fittings
– PVC primer
– PVC cement
– ½-inch plywood strips, used to build out studs

Tools for How to Replace a Shower Pan:
– reciprocating saw, used to cut out old acrylic shower surround
– drill/driver
– hammer
– cold chisel, used to chop out floor tile
– rubber mallet, used to install compression gasket to drainpipe
– 4-foot level
– tape measure

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How to Run Underground Power to a Shed

Skill Level:
Difficult

Tools:
Trenching machine
Shovel
Propane torch
Concrete mixer
Hole Saw
Drill/Driver
Screwdriver

Shopping List:
1 ½-inch PVC conduit pipe
PVC junction boxes
UF 6-gauge electrical wire
UF 6-4 electrical wire
NM 14-2 electrical wire
Electrical wiring boxes
Breakers
Electrical Sub Panel
Masonry screws

Steps:
1. A project like this should only be performed by a licensed electrician.
2. Before digging, call the utility locating service to mark any underground pipes or wires.
3. Begin by digging a trench from the house to the shed. This can be done with a trenching machine or a shovel. The trench should be 18 inches deep to bury electrical conduit according to code. In some cases, you may not be able to reach that depth due to site conditions.
4. Spread out a layer of sand into the trench to protect the conduit from sharp rocks.
5. Lay out the lengths of 1 ½-inch PVC conduit to go from the house to the shed.
6. Use PVC cement solution to coat the inside of each pipe and connect them together.
7. To make the PVC pipe conform changes in grade, use a propane torch to heat the pipe and make it pliable.
8. Form the shapes needed and lay the PVC conduit in the trench.
9. Use 90 degree PVC fittings to connect the underground pipe to the side of the house and shed.
10. Use a drill/driver, masonry screws and clips to attach the pipes to the side of the house and shed.
11. Use a hole saw to carve out a hole to feed the pipe and junction box into the side of the house and the shed.
12. Add a second layer of sand over the pipe in the trench to act as a warning in case anyone accidentally digs in the area and then cover that sand with caution tape.
13. Mix concrete with water and cover any conduit that did not reach a depth of 18 inches due to site conditions.
14. When the concrete dries, back fill the trench with old and new soil.
15. Feed fish tape from one side of the PVC pipe to the other. This will be used to pull up the electrical wires.
16. Tie a thin rope to the fish tape at the opposite end and pull that back through.
17. At the shed, use electrical tape to tie the 4 individual UF, 6-gauge wires (2 hots, neutral and ground) and feed them back through the conduit.
18. Mount a sub panel in the shed and tie on a braided 6-4 UF wire.
19. Connect the individual wires to each braided corresponding 6-4 wire using insulated connectors in a junction box.
20. The ground wire and the neutral wire will terminate in different spots in the subpanel. Connect them to the appropriate terminal with a screwdriver.
21. Tie in both hot wires to opposite sides of busbar, allowing 120 volts to 3 different breakers on both sides.
22. Attach desired electrical wire boxes throughout the shed for lights, light switches and outlets.
23. Run 14-2 NM wires throughout the shed and tie them through electrical wire boxes.
24. Attach any desired fixtures in the shed or on outside and run wire as needed.
25. Tie in 14-2 NM wires from fixtures and receptacles into sub panel breakers as needed.
26. Turn off the electricity inside the home at the main breaker panel.
27. Connect both hot 6-gauge UF wires to new 60 Amp breaker inside main breaker panel in the home.
28. Connect the neutral 6-gauge wire to the neutral bar inside main breaker.
29. Connect the ground 6-gauge wire to to ground bar inside the main breaker.
30. Turn the power back on inside the home at the main breaker panel.

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How To Replace a Faucet Aerator

Shopping List for Replace a Faucet Aerator:
– aerator

Tool for Replace a Faucet Aerator:
– adjustable wrench or pliers

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How to Replace a Pedestal Sink Pop-Up

Shopping List for How to Replace a Pedestal Sink Pop-Up Assembly:
– Pedestal Sink
Lead-Free Solder
– PVC Cleaner and Solvent, for joining PVC pipe
– Flux, acidic paste applied to copper before soldering
– Fine-Grit Sandpaper Roll, for polishing the outside of copper tubing before soldering
– Fender Washers and 2 1/2-inch Lag Screws, two each, for attaching sink basin to wall)
– Damp cloth (for cleaning and wiping up freshly soldered joints)
– Spray Water Bottle, for preventing fires that may be ignited while soldering
– Bucket, for collecting water drips
– Pipe Dope, Teflon-based paste for sealing pipe threads
Plumber’s Putty, for sealing drain and faucet flanges against the sink

Tools for How to Replace a Pedestal Sink Pop-Up Assembly:
– Hacksaw, for cutting PVC and thick brass pipe
– Propane torch, for soldering copper tubing joints
– 1-foot level, for leveling basin
– Water-pump pliers, for gently tightening large nuts on drain pipes
– Crescent wrench, for tightening small nuts on compression fittings
– Compact tubing cutter, for cutting copper tubing in tight locations
– Tubing cutter with reaming blade, for faster cutting on bigger, accessible tubing
– Wire brush, for cleaning inside of copper tubing before soldering
– Basin wrench, for tightening the nuts on faucet valves and spouts in the virtually inaccessible regions under the sink’s basin
– Socket wrench, for driving lag screw
– Drill and bit, [BR]for drilling holes for lag screws
– Slotted screwdriver, for attaching lift rod to actuator arm
– Tape measure

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How to Install a Glass Tile Backsplash

Tools list for How to Install a Glass Tile Backsplash:
– chalk line
– utility knife
– steel-rule straightedge
– wet saw
– rubber float
– margin trowel
– grout sponge and bucket
– cotton cloth

Shopping list for How to Install a Glass Tile Backsplash:
– glass-tile sheets
– pressure-sensitive tile adhesive
– canvas drop cloth
– 1½-inch-wide masking tape
– premixed tile grout

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How to Quiet Pipes With a Water Hammer Arrestor

Shopping List for Quieting Pipes With a Water Hammer Arrestor:
– water hammer arrestors
– copper T-fittings
– lead-free solder and flux
– emery cloth
– teflon tape
– plastic pipe clip and 1 5/8-inch screw

Tools for Quieting Pipes With a Water Hammer Arrestor:
– screwdriver
– tubing cutter
– propane torch
– adjustable wrench
– drill/driver

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How to Coil an Extension Cord

Watch this video and learn how to coil an extension cord…

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