How To Repair An Asphalt Walkway

how to repair an uneven bluestone patio:

how to lay a bluestone walkway:

how to repoint a brick foundation:

shopping list for how to repair an asphalt walkway:
-pack, stone and stone-dust mixture used to fill trench
– two 2x6s, used as forms
– ½-inch-diameter x 24-inch-long rebar
– asphalt cold patch
– asphalt sealer

tools for how to repair an asphalt walkway:
– 4-foot level
– pointed shovel
– pruning saw
– electric chipping hammer
– 10-pound sledgehammer, used to compact soil
– 3-pound sledgehammer, for pounding in rebar stakes
– hand tamper
– wet saw fitted with a diamond-impregnated blade
– garden rake
– driveway squeegee, used to spread asphalt sealer

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How to Rejuvenate a Dying Lawn

Shopping List for How to Rejuvenate a Lawn:
– Compost
– Soil test kit
– Grass seed

Tools for How to Rejuvenate a Lawn:
– Lawn mower
– De-thatcher
– Leaf rake
– Core aerator
– Broadcast spreader
– Shovel
– Wheelbarrow

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Reciprocating Saw 101: How to Cut Into a Wall Safely

Watch this video and learn how to use a reciprocating saw…

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How to Install a Wall Mounted Space Heater

Time: 2 hours

Cost: $150

Skill Level: Moderate

Tools List:
Lineman’s pliers
Wire strippers

Shopping List:
Electric wall-mount panel heater
14/2 non-metallic wiring
1. Determine a source of constant power nearby to the desired installation location of the heater.
2. Before doing any electrical work, ensure power is turned off at the breaker panel for the active circuits and confirm it’s off with a tester.
3. If using an existing outlet as a power source, remove the cover plate with a screwdriver, then remove the outlet from the box. It may also be necessary to remove the box from the wall.
4. Run 14/2 wiring from the existing outlet to the location of the new heater. It may be necessary to drill through wall studs or other structure.
5. Remove the sheathing on the new wire at the existing outlet, then feed that wire through the electrical box.
6. Strip the conductors on the new wire and either connect them to an available screw on the outlet or splice to existing conductors using wire nuts.
7. Resecure the electrical box in the wall, replace the outlet, and install the cover plate.
8. Strip the other end of the new wire and splice the conductors from the power supply to the appropriate wires in the heater.
9. Install the supplied mounting brackets to the wall, then click the heater onto those brackets.
10. Restore power to the circuit and turn on the heater.

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How to Diagnose Plumbing Drain Problems

Time: 1-2 hours

Cost: $10,000 in tools

Skill Level: Advanced

Tools List:
Drain Camera
Drain Locator Tool

1. Use a drain camera to look for possible obstructions in the main drain line of the house. Ensure the distance meter is reset before entering the drain to give an accurate measurement of where in the pipe a clog may be located.
2. Use a line locator to confirm the location of the camera under the floor.

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How to Install Home Solar Storage

Time: 1 day

Cost: Varies based on system size

Skill Level: Professional

Tools List:
PVC pipe cutter
Philips screwdriver
Wire strippers

Shopping List:
AC Battery
Electrical Conduit
12 gauge wiring

1. Before doing any electrical work, ensure the power is turned off at the breaker panel. Professional installation is recommended for this project.
2. Run four 12 gauge conductors from a 240V breaker at the main electrical panel to the location
3. Attach battery brackets to structure.
4. Run electrical conduit between each bracket.
5. Run four 12 gauge conductors between each bracket. Strip the ends of the conductors and insert them into the appropriate slot of the bracket.
6. Attach each battery to the wall mount bracket.
7. Plug the battery into the port on the bracket.
8. Restore power to the circuit.

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How to Identify Hardwoods and Softwoods

Cost: Varies

1. The terms hardwood and softwood do not refer to density but rather to the type of tree- hardwoods come from deciduous trees and softwoods from conifers.
2. Softwoods grow fast and straight so they are a good option for framing material like fir and spruce. The less knots, the stronger the wood. These woods are typically dried in a kiln to prevent warping and shrinkage.
3. Some softwoods like pine are inexpensive and can be used for interior trim, but they can warp and twist.
4. A hardwood like maple is used for cabinets whereas oak is a good choice for flooring. Both of these are more common hardwoods.
5. Fine hardwoods are denser and include species like walnut and mahogany. They’re used for balusters and decking and are more expensive than common hardwoods.
6. Exotic hardwoods like purple heart and zebra wood are the most expensive and usually used for accents on fine furniture.

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How to Install a Natural Stone Patio with Fire Pit

Time: 1-2 days

Cost: $5,000 and up

Skill Level: Professional

Tools List for Installing a Natural Stone Patio with Fire Pit:
Gas Plate CompactorFeathers
Push Broom

Shopping List:
Stone dust
¾” stone
Thermal Bluestone
Reclaimed Granite

1. Before digging, always call a utility locating service to locate underground pipes and wires.
2. Excavate the area for the patio down to subsoil by hand or using an excavator.
3. Rake out the subsoil to a smooth grade and then compact it with a gas plate compactor.
4. Fill the area with a base material that’s a mixture of ¾” stone and stone dust about 3” at a time. Rake out the mixture smooth and then compact it with the gas plate compactor. Repeat until the base material is about 3” below finished grade.
5. To cut the granite to length, drill a series of 3-4” deep holes on 3 sides of the stone. Insert feathers and wedges into every hole and then tap each one a little at a time with a mallet until the stone breaks.
6. Use the excavator to move the four granite stones for the fire pit into position.
7. Fill the center of the firepit about a third of the way with ¾” stone.
8. Apply a layer of stone dust over the base material and compact it with the plate compactor.
9. Lay the bluestone in place. To properly level the natural stone, use a mallet to hit down the high spots. If there are low spots or voids under the stone, add more stone dust to fill those areas.
10. Once all the stones are installed and level, sweep stone dust into the joints. If the stones are dry, polymeric sand can also be used.

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How to Build a Home Message Center

Time: 3-4 hours

Cost: $100

Skill Level: Moderate

Tools List:
Miter Saw
Headless Nail Gun
Router with a Roundover Bit
Track Saw

Shopping List:
1×3 Poplar
1×4 Poplar
1×6 Poplar
Colonial Casing
Crown Molding
3” screws
Wood Glue
Headless Nails

1. Cut 1×3 poplar to desired length and build a three-sided frame. Use a butt joint, predrilling the hole first, and then fastening with a 3” screw.
2. Cut Colonial Casing to length, mitering the top corners of each piece at 45 degrees.
3. Glue and nail the casing to the frame, leaving a ¼” reveal around the inside.
4. Glue and nail the miters together on the casing.
5. Cut 1×4 poplar to desired length and build another three-sided frame with butt joints and 3” screws. This frame will be taller than the inner frame as it will be the mounting point for the crown molding.
6. Glue and nail the outside of the casing to the outer frame.
7. Glue and nail a piece of 1×4 as a flat stock above the top piece of casing. Use a filler block to ensure it doesn’t warp.
8. Mark and cut the miters for the crown molding.
9. Glue and nail the crown molding to the message center assembly.
10. Cut a piece of 1×6 poplar to length to serve as a stool.
11. Use a router with a roundover bit to roundover the edges of the stool piece.
12. Predrill and then screw through the bottom of the stool to attach it to the rest of the message center.
13. Build an apron using 1×4 poplar and toe screw it into the bottom of the stool.
14. Using a track saw or circular saw with a straight edge, cut the chalkboard plywood to size and nail to the back of the inner frame.
15. Cut a piece of ½” MDF to size to serve as a back cover and secure it with screws.
16. Sand all the wood and prime the message center.
17. Fill any visible nail holes.
18. Apply two top coats of paint.

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How to Install Cable Lighting

Time: 3-4 hours

Cost: $400

Skill Level: Moderate

Tools List:
Drill Driver
Lineman’s Pliers
Wire Strippers

Shopping List:
Cable Lighting Kit
Cable Lighting Heads
Toggle Bolts
Wire Nuts

1. Before doing any electrical work, ensure that power is turned off at the circuit breaker.
2. Remove the existing light fixture by disconnecting the wiring connections and removing any supporting hardware.
3. Install the ceiling bracket provided with the cable light transformer to the existing electrical box.
4. Connect the ground wire from the electrical box to the ceiling bracket.
5. If needed, splice wire extensions to the existing conductors using wire nuts.
6. Feed the wire extensions down the center threaded rod of the ceiling bracket and through the center hole of the transformer.
7. Use the supplied nut to hold the transformer to the threaded rod.
8. Splice the wire extensions to the transformer wires using wire nuts.
9. Attach the transformer canopy using provided screws.
10. Measure and mark the locations for each standoff. Drill a pilot hole to confirm if there’s structure above. If there isn’t drill a hole large enough for a toggle bolt.
11. Run the cable through each standoff.
12. Add light heads in desired locations by tightening the thumb screws onto each low voltage wire.
13. Attach wires from transformer to the low voltage cable.
14. Restore power at the circuit breaker.

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basementsbathroomscabinetsdecksdiyfaucetfire pitshome gardenhow/diykitchen cabinetskitchensknowledge baselandscapingSafety
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